A football vs. a soccer ball

The football is in the shape of an oval. It is brown and white and designed to help the players use the ball to throw. Football is a sport that is played using only the hands. The players throw the ball. Only one player on the team is allowed to use his feet to kick the ball when a field goal is required.

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The soccer ball is round and in the shape of a circle. It is white with black spots. The soccerball is only played using the feet. The players kick the ball and only the goal keeper is allowed to use their hands. If the ball goes out of bounds and requires a throw in the hands may be used.

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Scottish cakes for tea time

In the UK at about 3pm is the perfect time for a cup of tea. Most people add milk and sugar. In Scotland we also have many traditional tea-time cakes.


Lots of people enjoy eating shortbread with their tea. We make shortbread with flour, butter and sugar and it is shaped like petticoat tails…
…or fingers!
shortbread fingers


My favourite cake is called a Tunnock’s tea cake, made by the Tunnock family. Can you guess when we eat it? That’s right, at tea time!
It’s a biscuit, covered with marshmallow, then covered with chocolate. Delicious!


This is a very popular sweetie (or candy) called tablet.
Tablet is very sweet – it’s made with sugar, more sugar, even more sugar, milk, butter and vanilla. Yummy!


Finally we have a tea time classic – scones!
Scones are small cakes – you can have a plain scone or a fruit scone (with raisins) – and we eat them with clotted cream, butter, or jam.


As the weather starts to improve, it’s time to talk about seasons!

Today is the 13th of April, which is spring. In spring, we can see flowers bloom and watch birds building nests. In Scotland, we see lots of new lambs jumping happily!
Spring goes from the 1st of March to the 31st of May.


After spring comes summer, from the 1st of June to the 31st of August. In summer, the days are much longer (in the north, the sun rises at 4am and sets at 11pm!) and the weather is a little bit better. But we can’t escape the rain!
summer in scotlandsummer


From the 1st of September to the 30th of November, we have autumn or, in American English, fall. In autumn we see the leaves becoming orange, the sky becoming grey, and it gets very windy!
autumn in glasgowautumn


Finally, at the end of the year, we have winter. In winter, which goes from the 1st of December to the 28th or 29th of February, it becomes very cold. It snows and the ground is covered with ice. I like to stay inside and drink tea or tomato soup.
snowy glasgowwinter


In some English-speaking countries, like Australia and New Zealand, the seasons are inversed! This means that winter takes place in June, July and August; and summer takes place in December, January and February. I have a friend in Australia who celebrates Christmas with a barbecue on the beach!